A Comprehensive List of Herbs You Can Easily Grow and Use at Home

Green herbs with basket

Have you ever found yourself preparing the perfect sauce – but you couldn’t find a fresh sprig of thyme to save your life?

Or perhaps you whipped up a cocktail, but all you had was some soggy, sorry-looking grocery store mint.

Well, we’re here to tell you that your herb game doesn’t have to be so bleak. We’ve got the perfect solution for you; and it’s so easy, you’ll be shocked.

Grow them yourself!

About now you’re probably thinking: “No way! That sounds like too much work.”

But you’d be wrong.

Growing herbs at home is easy as pie (eating it, anyway), and we’ll show you how.

Here’s a comprehensive list of herbs you can EASILY grow at home:

#1: Mint (Mentha spicata)

Mint Peppermint Herbs
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Mint is a hardy perennial plant that’s easy to grow in any herb garden.

It grows vigorously to produce fragrant leaves year-round and purple flowers from August to September.

However, its robust nature can also make it invasive. 

Thankfully, you can easily tame mint by growing it in bottomless buckets set into your garden. 

Also, mint requires little to no fussing over. With plenty of sunlight, water, and fertile soil, it can grow in almost any condition.

#2: Thyme (Thymus vulgaris)

Thymus vulgaris
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Thyme is a heavily scented, delicate looking herb with beautiful tiny leaves. But don’t let this fool you. It’s one of the hardiest plants on this list of herbs.

It’s drought-tolerant and can even survive a bit of light traffic. This is why thyme is sometimes used as a decorative ground cover plant.

For healthy thyme, plant in full sun and allow the soil to dry completely between waterings.

#3: Basil (Ocimium basilicum)

Ocimium basilicum
Basil plant with white flowers | Image courtesy

Basil is a warm-weather annual plant and the go-to summer herb for many gardeners.

It does well in containers and window boxes. And despite common misconceptions, it’s relatively easy to grow. Just be sure to provide rich, well-draining soil, plenty of water, and full sun.

However, basil cannot withstand cold temperatures, especially frost. Move your herbs indoors during winter months.

Additionally, basil responds well to frequent harvesting. When trimmed back, it produces new growth, keeping you well supplied with fresh leaves.

For maximum flavor, be sure to trim off any flowers that appear. Basil leaves tend to lose flavor when the plant begins flowering.

#4: Chives (Allium schoenoprasum)

Allium schoenoprasum
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Chives are a hardy grass-like perennial herb from the onion family. They’re robust and will perform well in your garden as well as in pots.

Because chives are edible blossom-to-bulb, they make for a versatile garden plant. They are also an excellent source of beta carotene and vitamin C.

Chives have a delicate onion flavor, similar to that of Cicely (Myrrhis odorata). This is what makes chives among the best spices for dishes like potato salads, soups, and French omelets.

#5: Sage (Salvia officinalis)

Salvia officinalis
Salvia officinalis | Image courtesy

Sage is an aromatic evergreen herb with a savory, peppery taste. It’s popularly used with black seasonings to add some kick to meats, sauces, and vegan dishes. Plus, the leaves are a great source of vitamin C.

Sage is incredibly easy to grow and care for. It requires minimal attention and will do well both indoors and out in the garden.

Just make sure you provide these favorable conditions: 

  • 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight,
  • Rich, well-draining soil, and 
  • Plenty of water.

Sage should be available for picking all year round.

#6: Bay Leaves (Laurus nobilis)

Laurus nobilis
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Bay leaves grow in evergreen shrubs that can be trained into formal shapes and topiary.

They fill the air with scents reminiscent of balsam, clove, and mint; a welcome addition to your home or herb garden. 

Bay leaf shrubs are robust and super easy to care for. They do best in containers to keep them small and manageable.

If you choose to grow your bay leaves indoors, be sure to prune regularly and provide plenty of sunlight. Misting is also a great way to keep the humidity high and your bay leaves happy.

Related: Top Houseplants for Improving Indoor Air Quality

#7: Oregano (Origanum vulgare)

Origanum vulgare
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Oregano is a herb from the mint family and likely the most popular of all spices on this list.

In conducive environments, it grows as a perennial, coming back every spring. But in cold climates, it only grows as an annual.

Oregano is an avid grower in the garden, bordering on invasive. But potting is an easy way to curb the herb’s enthusiasm.

Just be sure to provide access to full sun, use a well-draining potting mix, and allow it to dry out between waterings.

Your oregano will also benefit from frequent harvesting. So don’t pass up any chance to add it to your pizzas, bruschettas, and salad dressings.

#8: Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare)

Foeniculum vulgare
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Fennel is a hardy perennial herb often grown as an annual.

Its aromatic anise flavor pairs well with other spices in both sweet and savory dishes.

Fennel is an easy grower with an appreciation for full sun and well-drained acidic soil. Once established, it doesn’t need much more than the occasional dose of mild organic fertilizer.

Like chives, the entire fennel plant is edible. The seeds are commonly used in spices and are also a natural source of zinc and calcium.

#9: Stevia (Stevia rebaudiana)

Stevia rebaudiana
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Stevia is a perennial plant from the sunflower family. Its leaves are a natural, calorie-free sweetener ideal for diabetics and dieters.

The stevia plant thrives in the warm sun and dies back in the freeze. In warmer climates, the roots can survive the winter and will sprout back up come spring.

Alternatively, you can grow stevia indoors in pots and enjoy the herb year-round. However, the plants will lose vigor in the second year of growth.

When growing stevia in containers, make sure to use large pots and high-quality potting mixes. Place the plants in full sun and water them regularly or whenever the mix’s top inch is dry.

#10: Parsley (Petroselinum crispum)

Petroselinum crispum
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No list of herbs is complete without parsley. As divisive as it may be, parsley is an iconic herb and a must-have in your herb garden.

Parsley is incredibly easy to grow. All it needs is regular moisture, feeding, and full sun. But it can tolerate partial shade as well.

To keep your parsley plants healthy, incorporate a slow-releasing organic fertilizer when planting. This will set them up from spring into late fall and ensure a steady supply of healthy leaves.

Points to Remember When Growing Herbs:

  • Herbs grow well in fertile, well-drained soil. If you’re uncertain about the drainage in your garden, you are better off using a raised bed.
  • Most herbs need little fertilizer and will do okay without much feeding. Ensure your herbs get the nutrients they need but don’t overfeed them.
  • Sunlight is the secret to rich flavors. Plant your herbs in the part of your garden with the best sun exposure.
  • Most herbs thrive in neutral to alkaline soil. Test your soil pH and amend it accordingly before planting.

What If You Don’t Have a Garden?

We took small spaces into account when curating this list of herbs. That is why most of the plants here will thrive in the garden as well as in pots.

But to ease your mind, here are a few more tips for growing herbs in containers:

  • Pick the right planter:

You will find greater success using containers that have sufficient drainage. Most store-bought planters come with drainage holes. But you can easily add them to wooden or plastic containers.

  • Use the right potting soil:

Avoid using regular garden soil in your containers. It compacts in pots, reducing drainage and porosity. Instead, opt for potting soil, or a mixture of potting soil and aged compost.

Related: 5 Tips for Improving Your Raised Bed Garden Soil

  • Harvest Regularly:

Frequent harvesting will encourage new growth. Don’t be shy; your herbs can take it.

  • Water consistently:

Some herbs (thyme, oregano) prefer to dry out between watering. While others (mint, parsley) prefer regular moisture.

  • Feed occasionally:

Feed your herbs with suitable organic fertilizers to encourage healthy growth.

What About the Tools?

We’ve considered this too, and we have a perfect solution: Clean Air Gardening.

Clean Air Gardening is a leading online garden store and resource center for all of your environmentally-friendly garden supplies and products.

Whatever your gardening needs, from tools to planters and fertilizers, we have it all! But that’s not all; we source and stock only high-quality, organic products.

This helps ensure that your gardening projects are safe, efficient, and sustainable.Visit Clean Air Gardening today and discover our wide range of eco-friendly garden tips and tools.

Featured image: Pixabay by congerdesign

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